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Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Sample. Start up an auto repair shop using this detailed sample business plan. Use this example to gmat, compile your own. Family? F R Auto (F R) is the desire of John Ford and Michael Ronald who together have 30 years experience as auto mechanics. Both have a dream of starting up their own company and offering better service to their clients than competitors. The objectives over the next three years for gmat F R Auto Repair are the following: Sales revenues increase steadily through year three. Institute a program of criteria for history ib, superior customer service through rigorous evaluation of service experience. Hire three more mechanics. Question? In the phd dissertation assistance, auto repair industry a company builds its client base one customer at a time and mostly through word of mouth marketing. With this in essay question, mind, the keys to success for F R Auto Repair are: High-quality work. Constant contact with clients so as to keep them informed about the state of their automobile and the repair job progress.
Knowledgeable mechanics that are friendly, customer oriented, and will take the time to friendship homework, explain to customer the intricate nature of our business and our work. Gmat? The mission of F R Auto Repair is to provide high quality, convenient and comprehensive auto repair at phd dissertation, low cost. The most important aspect of our business is trust. It is the goal of our firm to have 100% customer satisfaction in regards to gmat essay, quality, friendliness, time to completion and to thesis paper on microcontroller, discover new ways to exceed the gmat essay, expectations of our clients. The company will be a partnership with John Ford and phd dissertation assistance 411, Michael Ronald each owning 50% of the company. The company will be a limited liability company registered in the state of Washington. The firm will have facilities on 1312 1st Ave NW in Ballard, a neighbourhood of Seattle.
The facilities will contain a two-bay garage, office space and storage space for tools, parts, etc. Gmat? The company is seeking a loan in order to finance the start of operations for the company. Each of the paper, owners will be putting up some of their own capital as equity. The data obtained for the start-up comes from research done in the Seattle area with other small mechanic shops who have started their own business. Inflation has been taken into account between the estimates of these fellow business owners (and when they started) and the current prices for expensed items.
Much of the equipment to go into the facilities such as tools, air compressors, etc., are currently owned by the two partners. Gmat Essay? F R Auto offers a wide range of services as outlined in the detailed sections below. It is paper ultimately the goal of the company to offer a one-stop facility for all auto servicing needs, including brakes, transmission, wheel alignment, etc. In this way the company can offer greater perceived value for gmat the customer than many other shops which specialise in certain areas. The industry is highly competitive with suppliers having a great deal of power in setting and negotiating the prices of their products and services to repair shops. In addition, because the customers see the service as undifferentiated and a #8220;commodity#8221; with little value separation between competitors, buyer power is also very high. Finally, the barriers to entry are moderately low, and the large number of phd dissertation 411, competitors in this field, including substitutes (such as do-it-yourself work) mean that the essay question, pricing for phd dissertation assistance such services are very competitive. The only way to have an gmat essay question advantage in writing on computers, this industry is a low cost leadership principal applied aggressively or to create higher switching costs through the building of strong business to customer ties.
F R Auto will hire trained and certified mechanics who are able to prove they have superior customer awareness and interaction. Question? It is the writing, company#8217;s professional people who will fulfill the firm#8217;s contracts and goals. The largest part of the company#8217;s expenses will be in labor costs. F R Auto provides a wide range of auto repair services. These include: Scheduled maintenance. Gmat Question? Wheel alignments, tires and rims. Brake repair. Comprehensive engine repair. Assistance 411? Transmission.
Each job or project will be on a reservation basis, although we will accept a small percentage of drive in repair work. The auto repair industry is essay highly competitive. Phd Thesis? Each company within this field has high capital costs, low margins, and a high intensity of competition. Suppliers have a great deal of power in setting and negotiating the prices of their products and services to repair shops. This is due to the fact that the suppliers who absorb the greatest amounts of cash from question repair shops are large auto part companies. These companies are more consolidated that the repair industry, have deeper pockets, an almost limitless number of substitute customers, and finally they are the single most important supplier to F R#8217;s industry.
Therefore, these companies can set whatever price they wish to. Furthermore, labor is a supplier in this industry as well, and of washington personal statement, salaries for such individuals are well known and not very flexible. In addition, because the customers see the service as undifferentiated and essay, a #8220;commodity#8221; with little value separation between competitors (if they offer a suitable level of quality) buyer power is also very high. Additionally, the thesis paper, costs of our services are not cheap, and buyers are willing to search for the most favourable combination of question, price and acceptable service. The barriers to extended ib, entry and exit are moderately low in this industry. Gmat Question? Switching costs are virtually non-existent and the costs to entry and criteria extended essay, exist the question, market are low. The large number of competitors in this field including substitutes mean that the pricing for such services are very competitive. The only way to have an phd thesis advantage in this industry is a low cost leadership principal applied aggressively to all aspects of the business or to build up customer relations to a point where the switching costs are raised. The technological revolution in computers has enhanced our abilities to diagnose and repair our clients vehicles.
F R will remain on the cutting edge by gmat essay, instituting the use of computer diagnostic equipment in its shop. Assistance 411? The company will continue to gmat essay, seek new ways to provide a better service through technology. The company does not have any plans to of washington nursing personal, create further services at this time. Since F R will be able to gmat essay question, service any vehicle on the road, including motorcycles and campers, it does not make any sense to segment our market. Our potential customer includes every household in Seattle that owns one or more vehicles. The industry does not have any seasonality that affects it. HOW TO DEVELOP AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET. Phd Thesis? Sign up for Entrepreneur's Daily Newsletters to Download.
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Periodization Essay Essays and gmat essay, Research Papers. Training Variation: Periodization What is Periodization ? - The theory with periodization can be taken from the . general adaptation theory, which says that systems will adapt to any changes they might experience in an attempt to meet the extended ib, demands of the stressors. Therefore, the goal of periodization is to overload the neuromuscular system to allow the body to adapt to question unaccustomed loads or stressors. In the past resistance training routines as well as conditioning programs were primitive. Menstrual cycle , Peak oil , Period 1171 Words | 5 Pages. benefits others.
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their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family. Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in essay question your mind. Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the nursing personal statement, time comes to write. African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. Question? Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . be able to: 1. Paper? write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and gmat question, cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. Essay Writing On Computers? give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Essay Question? Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and Writing Oxford University.
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By Chopin. New York: Barnes and family business, Noble, 2003. xv-xxxvi. Chopin, Kate. . The Awakening. New York: Barnes and Noble, 2003. 1-155. Leary, Lewis. Southern Excursions: Essays on Mark Twain and Others. Baton Rouge: Lousiana State Press, 1971. McCoy, Thorunn Ruga.
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Essay , Essays , Paper 1398 Words | 4 Pages. 4 Steps to an Effective Scholarship Essay Typically speaking, the scholarship essays which students turn in are, well, to put it . mildly, not that good. I'm going to generalize, but you should know this. They're typically boring, underdeveloped without sufficient details, and very unpersuasive. Remember, the scholarship essay is a piece of persuasion. The people reviewing your essay will be going through a bunch of applications, and you need to distinguish yourself. You need to make the reader care.
English-language films , Essay , Essays 1357 Words | 4 Pages. ?Writing Essays Always begin with an essay plan. You will find that this really helps to organise your thoughts. This should . include your initial reaction to the essay title, your basic ideas and essay question, thoughts and some quotations you want to use. You may find that you do not stick completely to your plan and thesis paper on microcontroller, this is okay, as the more you think about an essay your ideas will evolve and change. You should, however, have formed your ideas and opinions before you start writing.
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resume paper size I’m Chanpory, and this is my site on how to live and essay question, work better as a designer. You should follow me on Twitter here. For more, check out the archives. The 7 deadly sins of resume design. So you’ve labored with sweat and tears writing your resume, and extended ib, now you’re all set to turn it into a magnificently designed creation. Unfortunately, with the gmat essay, freedom of modern computers and fancy software, comes huge opportunities for abuse.
When it comes to resumes, both non-designers and criteria essay ib, professional designers commit some almost unforgivable sins. Here are the 7 deadly sins of resume design and how to repent: Take a tour of any office supply store and you’ll see shelves of essay, extravagant “resume” papers featuring special “linen” and “parchment” finishes. Avoid these like dog poop on a New York summer sidewalk. They’re too expensive and don’t make you look extra special. To repent: Save your money and get paper with a plain smooth finish. It can be slightly heavier than regular copy paper, but not stiff as a board. An ever so slight hint of cream is fine.
It’ll make your resume easier on extended essay, the eyes than the question, super-ultra-pure-snow-driven white paper many designers are fond of. I prefer Neenah Classic Crest in Natural White with a Super Smooth finish. Never ever use pink paper with strawberry scent. The default typeface in Microsoft Word is phd dissertation assistance Times New Roman, and thus it’s the default for most resumes. It’s a tragedy, because Times’s letterspacing and wordspacing is wretched in Word. The result is an unharmonious mess. To repent: Choose a different typeface. I won’t go into explaining x-heights or the difference between Humanist Sans and Geometric Sans. Gmat. If you’ve got money to essay on computers spare, pick any of the gmat question, typefaces in FontShop’s professional collection, and you’ll be a step above Times New Roman. If you’re cheap, use Matthew Carter’s Georgia.
It’s free and phd dissertation assistance 411, already installed on your computer. If you send your resume electronically as a PDF, it also looks quite good on-screen. If you need more guidance, check out Before After’s tutorial on picking typefaces. Designers fresh out of school love teeny tiny type. The belief is that it looks elegant, refined, and allows for gmat essay more white space on assistance, the resume. It’s a shame. For all that elegance, no one can read it, because most people in hiring positions won’t have fresh baby eyes with 20/20 vision. To repent: Set your resume no smaller than 9 points for essay question sans-serifed type and 10 points for serifed type.
Anything smaller, and your resume is at risk of being shredded. Designers also love grey type. On an inkjet printer, grey text looks better because it reduces the appearance of noise. If you go too light, though, it becomes illegible and phd dissertation assistance, unfaxable. But wait, should you really be using inkjet to print your resume? To repent: Use a laser printer and print in 100% black for ultimate clarity. If you do go grey, don’t go lighter than 75% black. You may be tempted to add decoration like floral borders, rainbow colors, and hearts. Perhaps, you want to question use an illustration of of washington nursing personal statement, a swan, tiger or unicorn to represent you.
This is great if you want to essay look like a box of crayons melted on your resume. Otherwise, don’t try to be cute. To repent: Add some character by setting your name slightly larger, or in a different weight as the same typeface as the rest of phd dissertation, your resume. Use color, but very sparingly, if at all. No more than one color in addition to black. If you live in the United States, the gmat essay question, standard paper size is 8.5 x 11in. Criteria For History Extended Ib. In Europe, it’s 210 x 297mm. Anything else will fit awkwardly in gmat essay, a binder or file. Criteria Extended Ib. When it doesn’t fit, it gets thrown out. To repent: Keep to the standard paper size of your geographic location. It’s easier to print and package.
In an attempt to stand out, some designers format their resumes in a landscape format. This is more annoying than innovative. To repent: Keep to a portrait format. The first person who sees your resume is usually a Human Resources person who sees hundreds of resumes daily. Essay. Too much variation from the norm makes it harder for on microcontroller them to make a quick assessment of you. If you want to essay question stand out, write a good cover letter instead. So what does a good looking resume look like? Check out university of washington nursing personal statement my follow-up post, Give your resume a face lift. Great info but I think the resume format should match the job/industry you are applying to. It also comes down to the personal opinion of the person doing the hiring. I had a resume designed and two people were interviewing me.
One person really liked it and the other didn’t…But most importantly it got noticed and created conversation. Gmat. I would say have common sense and keep it simple and not over done. Phd Dissertation 411. You will never please everybody so create a resume that reflects your personality and talent. Good Luck Cheers. All the comments are great. However, I have to gmat question say I have always had interviewers ask me for homework a hard copy of my resume at the beginning of the interview. Frankly, I have come to view that as a test of your organizational skills. I think if you suggested that they print it out themselves you would be ushered out the door very, very quickly. hello just asking, what should be the best paper size for resume/cv in philippines. is it short or long bond paper. waiting for reply..thanks^^
To a beginner this sounds intringuing, since simple groups are very natural objects to define, whereas vertex algebras seem more convoluted. , A very useful Design Refresher – Think I need to gmat question change some of writing on computers, my fonts around now !! More work … Don’t forget spraying it with perfume (unless your applying to be an escort)! HR people basically don’t give a damn what your resume looks like, as long as they can read it. And most of them just scan it to make sure you fit the gmat question, job requirements. So forget the nitpicky advice about fonts. Most HR people wouldn’t know a font if it jumped out of the business, PC and bit them. Essay. … You’re probably going to be submitting your resume as a PDF anyway, in which case you ought to friendship homework make sure the file will transmit OK and be clear enough to copy. Many companies just ask you to paste a text version of your resume into an online application, which is a dead give-away that they couldn’t care less how pretty it looks.
Just make sure you leave out the gmat question, silly dingbats. I have found in my 10 years in the professional design world that HR are the friendship homework, non educated gate keepers of the employment world. Go get real employees opinions on said workers within HR…most cringe at question, the notion of going through HR. Really, what do people in essay, HR do all day? There are some rules that can be broken and and broken well but not unless you’re an artist or graphic designer should you attempt them. Number one advice is just get your resume to gmat essay the person that will be hiring and avoid HR like the plague. Wow, tough crowd.
This is a perfect list of of washington nursing, rules for design “begginers”. Of course designers and talented creative types may be able to make an impact by essay cleverly breaking some of thesis on microcontroller, these rules – but you’re probably going to have to use some software other than Word to pull that off. If you’re using Word this is your bible with one addition – NEVER USE WORDART. Nice work Chanpory. @James, I was thinking the exact same thing. Tough crowd indeed!
@Chanpory, great advice! I’m in a similar role as the owner of gmat, a small agency and the resumes I have seen, whether for designers, developers, or even bookkeepers, are unbelieveable. Thesis On Microcontroller. My alltime favorite was one in Comic Sans (no joke!!). I think the key point is that design must always help achieve the goal. The goal for a resume is to get an interview.
To that end, a resume’s design must help communicate the gmat, message/content of the resume effectively. Creatviity can have a place in essay writing on computers, your resume, but you ought to be conservative with it in my opinion: what’s clever, creative, and “the best resume I’ve seen” to one person might just be tacky and overdone to another. OK…. this entire “7 deadly sins” is bullcrap. Gmat Essay Question. Any designer worth their salt knows that if you KNOW the rules, you can break the rules. There is nothing I like more than receiving a fantastically creative resume.
After all, they are coming to us to be creative. It lets me see how well they understand how to sell themselves. I hate to say it, but your resume ideas only makes them look like the cream of the essay, crap… not the cream of the crop. I think its just a matte of time until the gmat essay, resume gets replaced. Sort of old fashion.
I think you are all missing a very important piece—who is the audience? All of of washington personal statement, these concerns are dependent on essay question, the type of job you are applying to (i.e. your audience). No matter what you are designing, this is the #1 variable to paper on microcontroller consider. What is essay question important when applying to a creative job, is friendship very different than what is important in the financial world, for expample. Thanks for gmat question the tip on family business phd thesis, Georgia font – I had Garamond originally, and it looked terrible when converted to essay PDF. Just tried out Georgia and loved it! When we go to interviews, it’s nice to bring a copy of our resume along. That’s why it matters how it looks when printed.
Just because HR has received it doesn’t mean the interviewer will necessarily have it on hand. In addition, someone or someone’s just may pop in on the interview out of interest. I was once take directly from the interview with HR straight to the manager to interview with her immediately because HR thought I’d be a good fit. I’m glad I had another copy of phd thesis, my resume on gmat question, hand. It’s just good form to bring extra copies of a resume. PS Speaking of thesis on microcontroller, bad font; what’s up with the font on this page?!
Its super bold and narrow… and hard to read! Maybe try Georgia instead ;) I’m personally a huge fan of Palatino Linotype. (or its cousin Book Antiqua) It’s a nice serif font that’s easy to gmat essay read and scan down through, it’s nicely formed and spaced and it’s ubiquitous but not always commonly used. And even if you don’t have it you can download it free. Somebody up there also made the essay writing, point of gmat essay, trying to mimic the style and branding of the company you are submitting to. If possible you should always do that. One idea is to send the cv/resume in extended ib, a nice folder the gmat, same colour as the company’s branding, to use similar coloured paper or to use the same fonts.
If you’re sending off internationally always look up the proper resume and university of washington statement, cover letter format for the country you are sending to. For example many countries in question, mainland Europe also expect you to friendship homework embed a small, passport-sized photograph at the top of the gmat question, page. Be sure to use the correct spelling also. True it’s best not to entrust your spelling and grammar to thesis paper on microcontroller a machine, but, if you’re applying from one English-speaking country to essay question another, be sure that you spellcheck it in the appropriate language – e.g. British English v US English. I’ve found, actually, that many computers, for example Dell computers, were always pre-installed with US English as the default language regardless of on microcontroller, where they were being sold to. So be sure and check that your computer and word processor are set to gmat essay question the right language for on microcontroller your country before you send your resume to question anybody! This is so good to criteria extended know and gmat question, follow… I totally agree with kathy, but when you haven’t met the contact person the question would be: what should you present a graphically enhanced CV (Branding), a formal black white CV or a flash animated CV? Unless you are a branding fanatic,to the homework, point that you go on and brand yourself and make your resume/letter stand out among others, there are definitely several ways to essay gain a remarkable first impression. It also dependent on phd dissertation assistance, the culture of the company you’re entering and the position you’re applying for… and gmat, how old are you and your experience…
your CV is your spirit and vision, at the end.. and if you get your CV to a company where they don’t like it, don’t worry… your CV has probably landed in the wrong place… and your spirit and vision doesn’t suite the homework, company you’re applying for. I truly think design is essential, in order to stand out… but design alone doesn’t make the CV standout… it’s the content and essay question, experience and the way you brand yourself. Wow. According to your article, I’ve committed 3 sins: “gray text,” “weird paper size” and “horizontal format.” You probably should also add an 8th sin for kicks that I’ve also committed: “folding.” Now, taken that I’ve broken lots of assistance 411, your rules in resume design — why is it that I’ve been working for my company for 3 years and 10 months thanks to my “poorly designed resume”? There has to be something wrong. A graphic designer’s resume should reflect his or her craft. It should have hints of their style and question, should totally have an experience to go along with it.
Designing out of the box is always favored and is always put on top of the pile if executed properly. Ib. You should never confine yourself to designing freely. Your resume is gmat question another piece of your portfolio — one which your future employer will keep. I don’t believe filenames have been mentioned here. Friendship Homework. When sending a resume electronically, the gmat essay question, filename resume.doc is the thesis paper on microcontroller, kiss of death.
Be sure to change the gmat, filename to reflect your own name. In addition, use either PDF or DOC, never any other format – otherwise, you risk incompatibility. University Personal Statement. Many H/R departments also use autoscan programs, and both multi-column and fancy fonts/paper will be puked out rather than scanned in. When sending electronically, the plainer, the gmat, better! Finally, whether or not sent electronically, be brief.
These days, virtually no one is worth a two-pager. The point is to assistance get IN the door for an interview… you can elaborate later, during the interview. Hi, you guys would be surprised to know that most Turkish companies require your resume to gmat essay question have your photo!! (It mostly (read:always) works in my favour :P ) yeah, so my resume looks pretty messed up when I try to fit in my photo. It looks like a very detailed I-card! I think a photo within the resume screams prejudice. Im not Turkish(I worked and will work in Turkey again soon) but even when Turkish people apply to thesis on microcontroller Turkish companies they add a photo.
By the way, I know for a fact that some American companies ask for photos within a resume too (reference : my Turkish friends who’ve applied to American companies). I wish I could get some points on gmat essay question, how to add your photo in your resume and not feel like a complete jackass. :P. As an engineer and industrial designer who needs to walk a fine line between ‘logical’ and ‘artzy-fartzy’, I have found a san-serif font works far better than all the for history essay, suggestions above. Essay. I have been using Tahoma for of washington personal years and have gotten a call-back on essay question, every position I have applied for the last dozen years…I am 5 for 5. Tahoma kerns nice and tight and 10pt leave plenty of white space. If you know how, typesetting your documents in TeX can really improve the font appearance through proper use of ligatures and a line-break algorithm that evaluates the phd dissertation assistance, appearance of the entire paragraph rather than that of the individual line. It can produce PostScript or PDF files for electronic usage. Failing that, it may be possible to use the Computer Modern fonts for which the program is configured in other programs like Word, and I expect these would still be a cut above Microsoft’s pet fonts.
I think everyone should come out of the dark ages. We now have the facility of computers and graphics……why not use them within reason. / Surely an employer with any intelligence would be absorbing the ease of reading and the content…….not crossing a prospect off because of the font used. Lets move into the 21st century people. As a recent “job seeker” I found this very useful. though of course we call them CVs in the Uk, the tips are all good. Essay Question. Better equipped to avoid the university of washington, pitfalls now, although I don’t agree 100% with all the points it is none the gmat essay question, less a useful read. Thanks again.
Pat. I think it would be best to business send a virus to HR because all in all they never call anyone back. Most of essay, HR have no clue about friendship homework, anything tech, nor do they have any creative brain at all. I would rather just meet someone who works at the company itself than deal with a braindead HR zombie.
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3 top tips for responding to reviewer comments on your manuscript. Gmat. By Lucy van Hilten Posted on university of washington nursing personal, 12 February 2015. Peer review has a vital role to essay, play in research and publishing and a key step in that process is the revision of your paper. However, knowing how to respond to reviewers' comments isn't always easy - get it right and you could see your paper published, get it wrong and it could mean rejection. Thesis Paper On Microcontroller. So what can you do to increase your chances of success? There's plenty of room for improvement, says Imre Pazsit, Executive Editor of the Annals of essay question, Nuclear Energy and a Professor at Chalmers University of Technology in Goteborg, Sweden. Originally I thought the mistakes in authors' responses were because of a lack of on microcontroller, information on the journal website, or in question, the letter asking them to revise, but I think it's actually more than that, explains Professor Pazsit. When early career researchers start publishing, they do so under the guidance of more senior researchers, who show them how to write a paper. Except this part responding to reviewers' comments often gets left out.
He thinks this aspect of the process needs to be systematically included in training for authors, like in our recent Publishing Connect webinar How reviewers look at your paper. Professor Pazsit says: It's difficult to phd dissertation 411, systematize manuscript writing in gmat essay question, general, a bit like trying to explain how to thesis paper, compose music, but there should be training. Responding to reviews is a point missed by most people who provide professional training. I think there are a few main things that could make the work of editors and reviewers as effective as possible. You can disagree, as long as you explain.
As an author, it can be difficult to read reviewers' suggestions after all, you have probably poured blood, sweat and tears into essay the manuscript. Homework. You might even have a knee-jerk reaction to defend your article. According to Professor Pazsit, disagreement is fine in fact, it is actually part of the process but it's important you can back it up. The author may not agree with a comment this is the essence of the scientific debate, a natural part of the business. Explaining why you disagree will help the reviewer and editor understand your point of view and ultimately help them make an essay informed decision about your paper. Essay. As Elsevier Executive Publisher Dr. Jaap van Harten advises, don't fall into the trap of writing to the editor to say that the reviewer is crazy, or incompetent. Make it a factual response. You should have a complete, solid and polite rebuttal to the editor. Question. Write in such a manner that your responsecan be forwarded to the reviewer editors love copy pasting.
The main mistake I see in authors' responses to friendship homework, reviewers' comments is in gmat essay question, what I call the 'ergonomy' of the information how well it's described to essay, the editors and reviewers, says Professor Pazsit. The editors and reviewers don't have time to check the new draft line by question, line and find the author's changes. According to phd dissertation assistance, Dr. van Harten, the simplest way to ensure your responses are informative is to copy paste each reviewer comment, and type your response below it. If you do so, you should be very specific. Essay. So if the reviewer says 'the discussion section is not clear', it's not enough to say 'we changed the discussion section'.
What you should say is 'we changed the discussion section on page 24, lines 7-23'. That makes it clear to thesis paper on microcontroller, the editor what you have changed, and when it goes back to the reviewer, the reviewer sees it immediately and question, you create a win-win situation. One of the biggest mistakes made by authors is to respond to all the comments, but forget to thesis, actually update the paper. Don't be that person: one way to make sure you remember is to always include line numbers in gmat question, your changes. Friendship Homework. That way, you actually have to make the change first before including the gmat essay question line numbers in your response. What are your top tips for responding to reviewers' comments?
Tell us in the comments below! Professor Imre Pazsit is an Executive Editor of Annals of Nuclear Energy . He is full professor at the Division of Nuclear Engineering, Department of Applied Physics at Sweden's Chalmers University of Technology, with a state-endowed chair. Phd Dissertation Assistance 411. He is also a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, a Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of gmat, Engineering Sciences, and a Member of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences in Goteborg. He is Adjunct Professor at the Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences of the University of Michigan, and 411, a Visiting Professor at the Department of gmat essay question, Mechanical Engineering of the University of South Carolina. Recently he became the first recipient of the 'National Energy Prize' from the State Utility Hungarian Electricity Ltd.
Dr. Jaap van Harten is Executive Publisher for Pharmacology Pharmaceutical Sciences at Elsevier in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He trained as a pharmacist at Leiden University, The Netherlands, and got a PhD in clinical pharmacology in 1988. He then joined Solvay Pharmaceuticals, where he held positions in pharmacokinetics, clinical pharmacology, medical marketing, and regulatory affairs. In 2000, he moved to Excerpta Medica, Elsevier's medical communications branch, where he headed the Medical Department and writing on computers, the Strategic Publication Planning Department. In 2004, he joined Elsevier's Publishing organization, initially as Publisher of the Genetics journals and books, and since 2006 as Executive Publisher Pharmacology Pharmaceutical Sciences. Home About About Careers Elsevier Connect Information for Authors Editors Librarians Reviewers Store Books and Journals Author Webshop Solutions RD Solutions Research Intelligence Clinical Solutions Education Solutions Research Platforms All Solutions Support Center. Essay Question. How can we help? How can we help? Copyright 2017 Elsevier, except certain content provided by third party. Personal Statement. Cookies are used by this site.
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14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the work of preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for gmat essay, Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for writing a grant application for funding. Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the grantwriting process. Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application.
Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and review criteria for specific funders. Additional tools can be found at essay the end of the section. Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the grant application: Identify the problem/ goal area for which funds will be sought. Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible. Communicate with grantmakers about your work periodically, even when you are not in the process of gmat question, submitting an application.
This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of grantmakers or potential funders. Consider the following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses. Consider the proposed project/goal’s fit with the identified funder(s). Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and criteria. Does the business phd thesis, funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the purpose of grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other?
Check the size of grants offered, including minimum and maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for multiple grants and investigate whether this is allowable under the guidelines of each funder. Check out the timeline for gmat essay question, submission, and the funding cycle. Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the funder’s requirements. Friendship. In the case of federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the essay question, grant's application deadline. Look at the number and kind of past awards given by the funder and determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to business phd thesis, prepare a competitive grant proposal.
Check to see if there is organizational fit between your group/ project’s mission and that of the funded. How does your group’s work reflect the question, funder’s values and goals? How does the proposal advance the funder’s mission while staying within your group’s mission? Check to see if you meet the writing, eligibility criteria. If the grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of sharing responsibilities and resources with other organizations. Gmat. Is there a potential partner for this grant? Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the business, needed time, energy, and other resources to essay, prepare an effective grant application.
Learn the funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Check to see if the funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session – if so, attending may be well worth your time. Assistance. Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and review these in detail. The FAQs may be updated periodically. If you see value in a pre-application meeting, and if the funders’ guidelines don’t tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the grantmaking agency. Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you – especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in question the funding agency.
This may be in your best interest if you are new to grant-writing, know few people in foundations or funding agencies, or don’t have much of a track record in this area. Review the literature to find out what approaches might work in your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the for history extended essay ib, community, and work with partners to gmat essay, develop an intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for thesis on microcontroller, full involvement of the community and other partners in all aspects of this work. Develop an action plan for the intervention. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or “best practice” to fit the needs and context of your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language). Identify the mode of delivery through which each component and element of the gmat question, intervention will be delivered in the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Specify the core components and elements of the intervention. Identify and assess “best practices” or “evidence-based interventions” that could help address the friendship, problem or goal in gmat your situation. Set goals and objectives for what success would look like. Analyze the problem or goals to be addressed by the intervention.
Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in identifying problems and goals to be addressed by the intervention. Describe the prioritized groups to benefit and those implementing the intervention. Identify other groups and approaches in the community for addressing this problem/ goal. Assess the level of the homework, problem or goal. Identify the community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for the project outlined in the grant proposal. Essay. This will communicate how the activities will lead to the intended results. Outline the vision and thesis paper on microcontroller mission of your project. Essay. State the objectives of your project or effort. State the context and for history essay ib conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and barriers – include both resources or supports available and constraints or barriers to meeting the initiative’s objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to gmat, bring about essay writing, change and improvement (e.g., providing information and training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies).
State outputs - direct results or products of the group’s activities (e.g., number of people trained or activities conducted). State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and gmat essay longer-term effects). Writing On Computers. Using the components listed above in items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the gmat, lives of individuals and essay communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for judging success. Gmat Question. How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the role of documentation and evaluation in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Clearly outline the amount of funding requested for each type of funding sought (e.g., amount for salaries, travel, and 411 equipment). Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of why each type of expense is needed). Essay Question. Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of expenses (e.g., staff salaries and benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for each year of the thesis on microcontroller, proposed project.
Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Plan for sustainability of the gmat question, project – funders often want to family business phd thesis, see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. Identify specific tactics to question, be used to sustain the effort (e.g., sharing positions and resources, becoming a line item in an existing budget). Follow up to be sure that the proposal arrived. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. Prepare a thank you letter. Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to the proposal or would support implementation. Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Don’t wait to hear about assistance 411, one application before sending out another. Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of essay question, approved funding), debrief with the group to discuss lessons learned and next steps.
Continue efforts to phd dissertation assistance 411, diversify the types of funding and types of funders that support your work. Be persistent. Part II. WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION. Be sure to include important information (e.g., the RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of gmat essay question, 10-20 pages) After drafting the narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the proposal give you feedback based on essay, the review criteria.
Review and critique your draft proposal using the scoring criteria used to review proposals. Review and critique the essay, draft proposal to see if it meets the 411, proposal requirements. Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on proposal outline and essay question criteria, use bold to highlight key points). ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and briefly summarize the proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to the statement of the problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and plan for writing on computers, sustainability. Gmat Essay. Keep it clear and essay on computers simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the proposal is about, and how it fits the essay, funding priorities and criteria. Phd Dissertation. Although this will be the gmat essay question, first thing the reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Assistance. Prepare the abstract after the rest of the proposal is complete. That way, you won’t have to rewrite it as your proposal evolves.
Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the community problem or goal to be addressed. Describe the active involvement of the gmat question, community in defining the criteria, problems and goals and question planning the approach. University Nursing Personal. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use public records of community-level indicators and/or community surveys to communicate the importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is needed in your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the need for the project). Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by essay question the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the media. Of Washington Personal. (You may want to gmat, use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on the issue or problem in this community. State whom the problem or goal most affects and family business phd thesis how they are affected by it. Gmat Essay Question. Describe how the problem or goal is linked to other related issues in thesis the community.
Describe the gmat essay question, geographic area that defines the community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of physical environment, etc.). Describe the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). State community assets, challenges, and needs. Phd Dissertation Assistance 411. State other recent and current efforts in the community to address the problem/ goal. II. PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the Project.
State the vision for the project related to the problem or goal identified by the community. State the mission of the project or initiative. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 – 5 years. Describe the Organization's Capacity to gmat question, Conduct the Project. Include:
A brief overview of the organization, including its mission or purpose, and its clients or groups that benefit from its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended). If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure. Resources and assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). Include a summary of key personnel and partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in 411 addressing the problem or goal to gmat question, be addressed, and their anticipated roles in this initiative – including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Identify the relationship of the lead contact for the proposal to the Applicant organization. Describe the Community’s Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include: Community assets and resources. University Personal. Level of readiness to engage in this work, including results of any previous assessments of readiness or capacity (if available).
Describe support from and question collaboration with other organizations. Describe the roles of other partners in developing the proposed project, and how the proposed project will involve them in operations. State how you will collaborate with other organizations to address client needs and extended essay ib avoid duplication of services. Attach letters from collaborating organizations. Question. (Letters of support should be on the organization’s letterhead and university of washington nursing include the name, title, telephone number and e-mail address of the appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to the problem or goal. Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and skills) and question environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to thesis, the problem/goal. Describe the lead agency’s previous work addressing the problem/goal.
Describe significant accomplishments of the organization and successes with related projects (if new, of gmat question, members or staff in previous roles). Essay Writing. Attach media reports in Appendix A, if available. First, identify the objectives and strategies for the proposal consistent with the gmat, aims of the friendship homework, RFA. Then, address the following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and question other prioritized groups to be reached through the for history extended, project. Describe the universal approaches to be used to reach many or all of the people in the prioritized group.
Describe the targeted approaches to essay question, be used to reach those at higher risk for the problem or concern. Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and family business how they will be used. Question. Identify the key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the problem or goal) and how they will be involved in the project. Describe potential sources of resistance to the project, the extended, forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict.
Describe potential barriers to question, the project, the forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Troubleshooting Guide for essay, Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and Links to gmat essay question, Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model. Include a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of family phd thesis, change for your project. Be sure to include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the group’s activities Activities or interventions to bring about change andimprovement Inputs, resources and gmat barriers for meeting the initiative’s objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the friendship, intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and mission of your project Intervention and Action Plan – complete and include the following: Components of the Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the gmat, Intervention. Providing Information and Enhancing Skills. (e.g., workshops to train skills on…)
Enhancing Services and Support. Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for assistance 411, Implementation. Element of the gmat essay question, Intervention (e.g., workshop) What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to include in the appendix). Indicate the role of university of washington nursing statement, documentation/evaluation and question feedback in friendship homework supporting program improvement and gmat determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts.
Describe the phd dissertation 411, results you expect to gmat question, achieve by phd thesis the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. Question. Describe your criteria or indicators for judging success. How will success be measured? Indicate how evidence will be gathered about whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the intervention to the outcomes of the project. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the objectives of the funders. Describe how the performance measures identified by the funder (especially for state or federal grants) will be collected and measured. Assistance. Indicate how information about gmat essay, satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the project will be gathered regularly. Note how this information will be gathered and used to enhance functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of drinking and driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the essay ib, community problem or goal. Gmat Essay. Indicate how the behaviors (or products of behavior) of prioritized groups will be measured to determine whether the initiative had an effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and friendship homework system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the environment has changed related to the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in essay question the community during the initiative will be documented to determine how they may have contributed to the observed effects (or lack of effects). Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to be offered. Writing. Generate an annual budget, including:
All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on current sources of funding and gmat essay question other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to sustain the programs and services of the phd dissertation 411, initiative. Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the gmat, anticipated expenses. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including: Sharing positions and resources Becoming a line item in an existing budget of another organization Incorporating the of washington nursing personal, initiative’s activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for essay question, grants Outline a specific action plan for sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by when to university personal statement, implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in gmat the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the application since the review of the appendix is often optional for the reviewer.
Include appropriate Letters of Support (LOS). Establish relationships and be sure to request letters well in advance of the submission deadline. Review all prepared materials carefully prior to business, submission. Review the checklist for following funders' guidelines for practical tips to maximize chances for success. Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to improve healthcare access for Hispanics. 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care. September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department.
Attn: Grant Committee. 618 N. Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525. Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of our organization is to improve the health and well-being of children in Marshall County, Kansas through education and gmat question improved community programs. Thesis Paper. We would like to gmat, raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of 69%, in the next five years. We are interested in immunization rates in phd dissertation Marshall County because there is little or no system to essay, ensure that the 411, children of that community receive proper immunizations. Essay. Too few children receive proper immunizations by of washington nursing personal statement the age of two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Therefore our goal is to increase the gmat essay question, rate of children, particularly those at the age of two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in criteria essay ib Marshall County. We believe that we have the capacity to carry out this initiative because we have a strong history of success in child and youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Essay. Our members include employees of Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and a member of the phd dissertation, business office.
Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and several community members who serve various functions within the gmat essay question, county. Our organization has a variety of resources for funding, including donations of needed supplies by the local hospitals and clinics. The County Health Department and local health organizations, including the United Way, also contribute to our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to help start this initiative.
We chose to approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to improve the health and well-being of Kansans. We are targeting one particular population of Kansans at this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. State the community problem or concern to essay, be addressed. We are concerned about the essay, growing number of uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community. Assistance. This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and the lack of transportation to the clinics currently available in the area.
It is also noted that many area clinics such as the Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of essay, Hispanics in need of for history, health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys. Document evidence of community concern about the question, issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and on computers reports from the media. State who is affected by the problem or concern and how they are affected by gmat question it. The immigrant population is primarily affected by homework the problem of lack of access to adequate health care. Essay Question. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the growing Hispanic population and phd dissertation assistance 411 are finding it difficult to gmat, meet the needs of this community. DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Describe the geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and criteria for history essay (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is gmat, one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle.
Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is criteria for history ib, perhaps best known by outsiders for the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for Duke University and Medical Center. Durham is also home to two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the same racial diversity that America will have in gmat 2050. It is also a city that is growing very rapidly. In 1999, the estimated population of Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in 1990 (181,835 people).
While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over business phd thesis, a hundred years ago, it is now a major center for research and development, with major corporations such as IBM and essay question Glaxo Wellcome having a home in phd dissertation assistance Research Triangle Park, most of which is essay question, a part of the city of university of washington personal, Durham. Indeed, trying to cope with the booming growth that has hit the area is one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the gmat, project and their relevant characteristics. Our project is being developed to serve the needs of Hispanic residents of phd dissertation 411, Durham County, including those who have come to this country illegally. In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for Hispanics was a population of gmat essay, 3,466, or 1.8% of the population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the true figure is closer to 8,000 residents.
As Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman in business phd thesis the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to do with reality. They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense. Any way you count it, the number of Hispanics in the county is on the rise. The Census Bureau states that the Hispanic population of Durham grew by gmat question 11% from 1995 -- 1996, and the number of Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. For example, in just the two years from 1994 and 1996, the percentage of the patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to 7.1% of the clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of university of washington personal statement, slowing down, and is severely straining the clinic's resources. As a whole, Hispanics in the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and obtain health care. Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to 28% of non-Hispanic whites. They are three times more likely to gmat, live in poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs.
8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by university of washington nursing personal statement The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by insurance, compared with 20% of essay question, blacks and essay writing 12% of whites. The Hispanic community in Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs. Not the least of these is actually having the resources to question, get them in the door of a medical office. As The News and Observer, one of the criteria for history essay ib, local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is essay question, growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of family phd thesis, transportation -- haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in Hispanics more frequently than in other populations.
The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the need for culturally appropriate health care in our community. Gmat Essay. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is university of washington statement, currently receiving in Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION. Identify the basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to the problem or concern. Include which behaviors of gmat essay question, whom need to change to address the problem or concern. It is ironic that in the City of Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and it is growing to of washington personal, such an extent that this irony is quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at the root of this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is unprecedented in the area's history. Existing resources, including the Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity.
And quite simply, in many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to go anywhere else. In Durham in 1990, for example, 285 households headed by question Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and 157 had incomes below $14,999. In addition, in many cases, barriers of homework, language and knowledge are difficult to essay, overcome. While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the very people who do not regularly seek medical care in the community are the same people who are unaware of the phd dissertation assistance 411, resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in Spanish and disaster assistance). ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT. Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of dedicated, passionate medical and non-medical personnel. They have shown continuous dedication to their community through past fundraising and volunteer efforts.
Our current Board is made up of gmat, physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at least two hours per month to staff the clinic as follows, per night:
Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc. Describe the thesis, organization's past history of success related to gmat essay, the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in this endeavor. Members of our board have over 75 years combined experience in medicine and over 100 years experience working in friendship the Hispanic community. Gmat Essay. We have chosen board members based on their experience, proven dedication and paper on microcontroller commitment to this cause. Describe support from and collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and national professional organizations such as the American Medical Association, American Academy of question, Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association. We are working with some of the local professional groups and other local charitable groups to form partnerships for the clinic. Partnerships could include financial and in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and leadership and essay administrative support. We also receive guidance and question support from Volunteers in Healthcare, the thesis paper on microcontroller, Public Health Foundation and the Free Clinic Foundation. II.
PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the positive vision for the community related to gmat, the problem or concern. Helping the Latino community will pay for itself many times over in the future. A community is only as successful and productive as each of its citizens. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to care, especially those of Hispanic origin.
This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on essay writing on computers, education and outreach. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative. The overall objective of this project is to improve the health of the Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION. TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of gmat essay question, change. All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay.
Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of reaching the criteria for history extended essay, Hispanic population will be through the gmat question, local Spanish-language media. On a secondary level, board members will be expected to criteria for history ib, meet monthly, and receive feedback from question community leaders quarterly. Information received from family phd thesis these meetings will be evaluated and acted upon accordingly. MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the gmat question, people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and how they might be engaged in addressing the problem. Any members of the community who are willing to donate their time and help improve the of washington nursing statement, health status of the Latino community. This volunteer pool can include community and religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and members of the media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets that could be contributed, and how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals.
We will also be in gmat essay need of office and record-keeping materials. The local media will be called upon to homework, donate advertising space and general support. Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in the project. There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of course will be the gmat question, recipients of the clinic's services, primarily the Hispanic population.
We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and their overall state of family business phd thesis, health will improve through this increased access. They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to organize and plan services. We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of this project are the local hospitals and clinics which serve this same population. Question. These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in the area and will certainly benefit from a number of their patients receiving basic health services in nursing personal statement our clinic. This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the more complex cases. They are also involved heavily as many of the volunteers for essay question, our clinic will come from these same health institutions. Finally the local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by this project. Phd Dissertation Assistance. We have collaborated with these organizations for some time now and they also are involved with the organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and our collaboration is a key to the success of this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION.
Outline the key targets of change, key behaviors that need to change, and the strategies or intervention components to gmat question, be used to change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of change. Broadly, the Durham health care community needs to address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic population’s difficult access to healthcare as a separate and of washington personal statement more comprehensive issue. Though each individual institution has taken steps to address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of these patients are becoming overwhelming and question need to be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for this issue to be addressed on a community level. Also this clinic tackles the issues of language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and essay writing the lack of transportation to the other health services currently available in the area. Gmat Essay. These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at a personal level. Secondly, the Hispanic migrant community itself must change. With improved access to healthcare comes the individual responsibility to take advantage of essay writing, these services in not only the treatment of illness but also in the prevention of gmat, illness. Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in the earlier stages of illness if addressed at an earlier time.
These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the true work here must begin at the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about healthcare maintenance preventative issues. Extended Essay Ib. This can be addressed in a continual education and outreach network working closely with the clinic and in the local churches and surrounding community. Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by making an impact on one individual patient. Gmat Essay Question. It will take about six to eight weeks to reach the anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in the first six months. As we are a new project, our original goals for success are modest. Business. As we continue and grow as an organization, we hope to gmat essay question, expand our focus, and to measure the effect of our project on the overall health of Hispanics in phd dissertation Durham. More specifically increased rates of immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension. We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and gmat essay ear infections in children.
What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in assistance 411 the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to essay, evaluate the success of our program is the immunization rates of both children and adults. It is also possible to phd dissertation assistance, measure or compare screening rates for gmat, tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at risk in the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the homework, follow up visits for the treatment of those with these same diseases. We also must ask for the community leaders and churches to address their community for evaluation and possible improvement of our services. Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Note how this information will be fed back to improve functioning of the initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on a monthly basis. Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. Essay. These measures of phd thesis, performance will be recorded by the nurses and providers in the patients’ charts at gmat essay the time as reason for phd dissertation assistance 411, the visit and will be collected and recorded in a master document by the non-medical assistants helping that same evening. For at least the first year following the implementation of the project the essay, Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the progress of the clinic.
The community leaders will be asked on a quarterly basis to paper on microcontroller, hold meetings within the community either at churches or at local gatherings. This will be for both informing the gmat essay, people of the services available to thesis, them as well as requesting feedback from the community, which will be presented at monthly Board meetings for evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by essay the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by assistance the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about satisfaction of key stakeholders and with the project will be gathered regularly and gmat essay question used to phd dissertation assistance, enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the clinic on essay, a monthly basis for at least the thesis paper on microcontroller, first year of gmat essay question, operation.
The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into their communities on at least a quarterly basis to friendship, both inform the gmat essay question, community of the services available and any changes implemented. University Of Washington Personal. Here they will primarily ask the community for any input they have concerning the clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to their answers). Those surveyed will be asked a short list of open-ended questions that have been reviewed by an expert in essay question Hispanic studies and an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is not ideal, due to the possibility of homework, bias (e.g., a desire to essay, please the interviewer), we believe it is necessitated by the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate.
Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the project or initiative will be detected and essay writing remedied. Note how this information will be used to minimize those side effects? Negative side effects of this project will be detected at several levels. The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the gmat essay question, patient population. Information from business phd thesis these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and gmat essay question negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on a monthly basis, and adjustments will be made accordingly. This will also happen through the help of community leaders and churches. University Of Washington Personal Statement. Here the population will be asked to give their feedback concerning the gmat question, clinic and improvements or changes that need to be made. This information will be channeled back to the Board, which will try to implement as many changes as possible to thesis paper on microcontroller, improve services. Another important group to be monitored will be that of the volunteer base which will help to run the clinic. The volunteers will be encouraged to express their concerns and ideas to both the Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at the monthly Board meetings. We will also use suggestion boxes for volunteers who wish to essay question, make anonymous comments.
These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and presented at paper the monthly Board meetings for discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern. Most of our indicators of essay, success will be in for history extended ib the day to day numbers of how many patients were seen daily. Gmat Question. We will also track specific major public health issues, such as: The number of children immunized at our clinic The number of women receiving well-woman exams The number of patients screened/treated/educated for family, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic.
We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and attempt to determine if there is a difference in their utilization due to gmat essay question, our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the numbers from our clinic with statistics from our community of overall health (e.g., the rate of STD's; the rate of immunization in the community, et cetera). University. However, this information and work is outside of the domain of question, this original grant proposal. V. PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY. List strategies that will be used to essay writing on computers, sustain the initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends.
While the gmat, startup grant which we are applying for homework, today is crucial to gmat essay, get our program on our feet, it is our goal that the program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the following: United Way funding. Business Phd Thesis. We are currently in negotiations with the United Way of Durham County to receive a small stipend from question their annual budget. Funding from local churches. For History Extended Essay. Our Lady of Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of $750 annually to help pay for some services. In-kind donations.
We are lucky that the Triangle is home to question, several major pharmaceutical companies. We are currently in negotiations with several companies to have donations of essay, medications and essay question other medical equipment brought to our clinic on a semi-regular basis. Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to help the assistance 411, center run in perpetuity. We will also seek further grants from gmat essay both public and private foundations to further our work. VI. 411. OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at this time, and d) by this organization. The need for free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is great.
By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade. The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only essay, a small taste of what the future could bring. Thesis On Microcontroller. By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to essay question, start a clinic that will be able to grow with the growing Hispanic population. We hope our clinic will contribute to friendship, a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Question. Thank you. Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from Collaborating Organizations. Father Mark O'Reilly.
Our Lady of Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789. I am writing this letter in criteria essay ib support of the question, new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to become our neighbors here in town. As a priest, I am privy to many of their difficulties, and it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to go to the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to do so because of for history extended, their immigration status, or because their English is not adequate to understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems. Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and served as their translator; but if I did this for gmat essay question, every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for anything else.
I understand this letter will go to support a grant application, and will be read by those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the care that was necessary. The need is urgent, and phd dissertation 411 the time to act upon it is now. I have the highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community. They can get things done. Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at the clinic.
I urge you to support their efforts as well. If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to let me know. Yours in gmat essay question Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the new free clinic that is family phd thesis, being proposed in our area. As one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is important that the community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation.
It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is part of our mission to give something back to the community that graciously houses us. Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of essay, our donation to the new clinic, we hope to be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. We believe the of washington nursing, clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office at (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Nielson.
Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the growing Hispanic population in Durham. December 21, 1997. The News Observer. Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S. Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to count.
New population estimates continue to underestimate the true scope of gmat, North Carolina's recent wave of Hispanic immigration, advocates say. They worry that the apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the assistance 411, level of state and local resources needed to address the influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and 73 percent more than in the 1990 census. However, the new figure falls far below the estimate of 205,000 made by essay question state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of of washington nursing personal statement, Citizen Services, a wing of the state Department of Health and Human Services. A lot is at gmat essay risk, Pomerans said.
The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to offer services to that population. You plan for growth that way - for the number of schools you need, the number of parking spaces you need. Criteria Extended. But nobody knows the gmat, actual figure, even after they count it. In addition, racial and ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and other organizations rely on them for their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the apparent discrepancy between official figures and reality is pronounced in thesis Durham, where estimates by gmat local Hispanic groups put the criteria essay ib, population about question, 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to do with reality, Pomerans said. University Of Washington Nursing. They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense.
Although the gmat essay question, Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by 11 percent from 1995 to 1996, the number of Hispanic children in the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from 562 to paper, 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the figures for gmat, other Triangle counties. The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population. That figure is a 15 percent increase from the year before and a 103 percent rise since 1990. 2,508 Hispanics in Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in 1996, according to the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population. Nationally, the Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the U.S. population by the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently. The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for comment last week.
Agency publications caution that the new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and thesis on microcontroller can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in essay the Triangle. Manson said the group often uses estimates of 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in for history extended ib the state. Gmat Essay. The way that we base that is by taking into criteria for history essay account migrant farm workers, she said. For years, Hispanic advocates across the country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the census data for North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in gmat essay Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the nonprofit N.C. Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said. I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Many factors contribute to the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the essay writing on computers, language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house.
Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from essay question Central and South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of five, 10 or more per household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to come forward and be counted. Manson said the low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in the state were not well-organized in 1990 and 411 because the rate of Hispanic immigration was rapid. I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to realize the numbers are low, she said. But we have a lot further to go in trying to gmat, make sure we get an accurate picture of how many Latinos make North Carolina their home. Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for any agency to track a tremendous surge in immigration such as the one North Carolina has experienced, especially over the past several years.
We have to just hope that with the next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of that depends on the help of the community and educating people about the importance of responding to the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of of washington personal statement, two parts) By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers. Lured by the prospect of gmat question, good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives.
But this historic demographic shift is placing a large burden on state and local governments - a burden for paper on microcontroller, which nearly every agency and branch of question, government is paper on microcontroller, ill-prepared and under equipped. Although Latinos remain a small fraction of North Carolina's overall population - about question, 2 percent - the U.S. Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990. Hardly a town has gone unchanged. Over the family business, past six years, as Latino enrollment in the public schools has tripled and the number of Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. But there is no coordinated strategy. It is not as if this wave of question, immigration is some big surprise at this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the state Department of Health and Human Services. It's a fact. It's a reality.
We are behind the curve, well behind the curve on this one. Most of the criteria extended ib, difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to gmat question, teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of Latin American countries and every economic class. But it is the wave of working-class migration mainly from poor areas of Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the friendship, United States - that poses the biggest challenges for government. Adding to the problem in North Carolina is the state's inexperience with immigrants. Unlike many regions of the gmat, country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants. And the answers for how to family business phd thesis, deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and gmat founder of the Latin American Resource Center in Raleigh. I don't think anyone was prepared for the changes taking place in the region, she says. The first reaction from many different sectors was to essay, ignore it. But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that.
People are beginning to address those issues now. But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and the existing community. Government's struggle to match the rapid pace of gmat essay question, change plays out in the classroom, the courthouse and the health clinic in university nursing personal statement nearly every community in North Carolina. Gmat Essay. Here is of washington nursing personal statement, a collection of snapshots from the front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language. But these days, she's preoccupied by gmat question the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at Athens Drive High School in essay writing Raleigh, Mason sees the demand arcing upward in question what is thesis paper on microcontroller, perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and the state: the public schools.
This year, Mason's program is home to 206 kids, six teachers and two assistants. Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in the past year, and gmat essay question the pace is assistance 411, so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into the classroom while they're still training for certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the second languages program for the state Department of Public Instruction. Gmat Question. And they're not the assistance 411, children of migrants, she says.
They're here to essay, stay. We used to friendship, be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said. Now they are part of essay question, our accountability. If we don't serve them, they become part of our dropout rate. The state's answer, the family, ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the gmat question, start. In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from all over personal, the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the child, the easier it is to pick up English - and the easier to gmat, learn a new language in criteria extended essay ib a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and gmat question literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and thesis on microcontroller solving algebraic word problems.
The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students. But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the hardest time. Of the last 26 she's taught, only two had graduated by May. The prospects are not good for these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and a half ago from Mexico. When she enrolled at Athens in August she could say only one word in English: Hi. Now she spends two hours a day in ESL, and the rest of her time she is gmat essay, mainstreamed into courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says.
I only listen. On the job: Inside the friendship, cramped, concrete-block duplex in gmat question Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to the Honduran woman with the long brown hair. In Spanish, she explains how her boss at a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again. And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to any of her co-workers. Her face creases with an essay writing on computers expression that's part grin and gmat question part grimace. Solamente a los hispanos, she says. Only to the Hispanics. Creo que es que somos hispanos. I think it's because we're Hispanics.
O'Connor takes notes. He will look into it. As executive director of the non-profit N.C. Occupational Safety and Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an advocate for ill-treated workers. Of Washington Statement. More and question more, his cases involve workers from Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the state labor department has a handle of this segment of the work force. It is phd dissertation assistance 411, North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the immigration surge. And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only look to confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the workers erecting the new subdivisions, office buildings and shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the New South. They take some of the dirtiest and gmat essay question most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees.
But at thesis the state level, O'Connor and essay question others whose job it is to know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. For History Extended Essay Ib. They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and the hazards they face on the job. Now, N.C. State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the gmat question, state Department of Labor, labor activists and others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the state's Hispanic work force. The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of sociology and anthropology at NCSU, who is helping lead the research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of safety issues arising from the language barrier. But an unexpected pattern emerged from the information on large work sites the team pieced together from federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of Latino employees reported workplace injuries. In the assistance 411, category concrete work, for instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the gmat essay, work force in 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the reported injuries. If the thesis, reporting is not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at risk and essay why, O'Connor says.
We can't understand what the essay writing, problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is telling us one thing and essay the reality is friendship homework, another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of students and researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries. Perhaps it's a fear of reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to attract attention. O'Connor says some of the apparent under reporting might result from employer pressure. Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the injury.
Appendix C: Documentation of health problems that face the Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of question, rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the nursing statement, outbreak, health workers have been going from home to home, business to essay question, business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized.
Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from churches to supermarkets. Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an epidemiologist with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is almost contained. Homework. But new cases are still being reported, and teams of nurses and interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at essay least another three weeks. Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and flu-like symptoms that last for nearly a week. The disease is mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in friendship homework the first trimester. Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation. Gmat Question. The outbreak poses no threat to anyone who has received the rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from countries that don't routinely vaccinate for rubella.
Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and statement they are suspicious of gmat question, government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. While most of the cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in neighboring Lee County and two others in neighboring Randolph County. Essay Writing. State health officials have told departments in question nine other nearby counties, including Durham and Wake, to be on the lookout for homework, additional cases. The first cases were spotted the essay question, second week of April by a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in Siler City.
She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the thesis on microcontroller, same rash, Sharpless said. Gmat Essay Question. The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials. They ordered blood tests that showed the workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to 80 percent Hispanic. The first one began at 5:30 a.m. April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and essay writing trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated. Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from rural areas where they had little or no contact with the health care system in their home countries.
We have had to go to their houses two or three times and really convince them that this is gmat essay, a health issue and university statement that they needed the vaccine and gmat that their children needed the vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. They called on the March of Dimes, which agreed to provide syringes and other supplies. They also requested assistance from the essay writing on computers, National Guard, which has sent in a team of question, medics to help give vaccinations. 8,000 vaccinations: The state is paying for the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to writing, Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of Maternal and gmat essay Child Health. So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. According to the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to 8,000 Hispanics have moved to Chatham, most of them since the homework, last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and so many living and working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for gmat question, the rapid spread of the disease. Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the statement, state epidemiologist who is tracking the cases.
You just need one sick person and essay question a bunch of susceptibles to start an epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly. Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at two or three jobs, bringing the disease from one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for health care workers because an unknown number of the Hispanics in business Chatham have come to the country without documentation. Gmat. Many live in fear of being deported and are afraid to speak with any government representative. Health care workers have gone out of their way to family business phd thesis, reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine.
We can usually get to the bottom of each case, but it does take an awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor. The National Guard medics came in uniform the first day, but since then have been working in civilian clothes so that the Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the gmat, people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic. With health care workers focusing their efforts on the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about immigration will use the epidemic as an excuse to family phd thesis, justify discrimination. The state has received two calls from North Carolinians who wanted to gmat question, know why the state was paying to nursing personal, vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the state Division of Maternal and essay question Child Health, said people need to realize that the rubella outbreak is a public health issue, not an immigration issue. University Nursing. We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Part of public health is essay, containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. We need to business phd thesis, contain it to protect everyone. For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in Siler City for two years, appreciates the efforts that the health department has been making. Question. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of health care workers came to the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works.
The health department has a good team working with the Hispanics, he said. They told us it was very important to university of washington nursing personal, get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer. Minority health concerns heard. By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to Raleigh to gmat essay question, propose ways to improve the friendship homework, health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. But they didn't talk much about medicine. Instead, in heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at essay question a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and loud about the social, economic and spiritual threats to people's well-being.
They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and voiced eloquent pleas to set them aside. And they filled page after page of bright orange sheets with advice on how state officials could better help people struggling against odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action. I suggest we do this annually and check to see if the friendship homework, state follows up on question, the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the Wake County chapter of N.C. Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. For History. If they don't, we can reiterate them. Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of question, health threats. Using an approach now popular in public health circles, staff members from the N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from for history ib community leaders on how to do their jobs better. The men and essay question women who arrived before breakfast at criteria for history essay the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an earful, including feelings on gmat essay question, the health threats posed by 411 violence.
Dr. Paul R. G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat. That notion struck him after years of rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into essay surgery to treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the assistance, hospital grounds and volunteering in the community to try to prevent this plague. Question. For a while I had become desensitized, he said. We had failed. Luis Alvarenga, director of the community group La Casa Multicultural, said the recent increase in robberies of Latinos in phd dissertation 411 Durham is connected to gmat essay, other problems in the inner city.
The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said. In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms. Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the N.C. Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to clean water. Rural residents who depend on writing, wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by agricultural runoff. Not all of them can afford to buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets. Participants, who came from across the state, suggested everything from gmat question eliminating the food tax to putting counseling stations next to police substations in poor neighborhoods.
Some were concerned that Gov. Phd Dissertation Assistance 411. Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions. A troubling current running through the gathering was the animosity between some African-Americans and Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the gmat essay, robberies he was discussing were committed by homework blacks. Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to provide services to those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at gmat essay question the same rate they do. In Spanish, with help from an interpreter, he thanked state health officials for assistance 411, bringing so many people together. He said much was accomplished by so much talk.
But there was more work to be done. I think this is like a rising flame. The commitment you have made is a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to the challenge. It is important that tomorrow be different than today. The racial division must end.
We don't do this for ourselves but for gmat, the future. Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the weight of everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black. Health gap: Some statistics showing the health risks facing minorities compared with whites in paper North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to gmat question, die. The average life expectancy for minority adults is five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to die from prostate cancer, and university nursing minority women are three times more likely to essay question, die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from heart disease than whites. Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to on microcontroller, appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham. The News Observer. Access to health care unequal in N. Gmat Essay. Carolina.
By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. In North Carolina, the report from the Centers for Disease Control pointed to university personal statement, disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in access to question, health care in 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics. The percentage of all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of writing, Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the national median, 16.6 percent. About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to gmat, nearly 30 percent of paper, blacks and a quarter of gmat question, Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the U.S. median, but more smoked cigarettes. Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in the past 30 days, compared to the national median of homework, 28 percent. About 38 percent of North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent. And 26 percent of gmat essay question, North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the national median pegged at 23.3 percent.
In North Carolina, the survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. University Statement. For Hispanics, a category of ethnic origin that includes people of any race, only 82 respondents were contacted in gmat question North Carolina, just above the cutoff of 50 required by the survey. The News Observer. FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the cracks: We used to be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. But when the supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. On Computers. So we now have no source of funds for these kids unless the doctor will donate his/her services.
Some will, bless their hearts. But it is gmat essay, very hard to family business, get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools. The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. Essay Question. ethnic group, and the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of ailments such as diabetes and AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the population by university nursing statement the year 2010 and will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of medical insurance for many jobs they hold, and their minority status in gmat essay question health professions often effectively bar them from essay writing good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The issue is devoted entirely to the topic of gmat essay, Hispanic health. 411. Rates of diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by essay question Surgeon General Antonia C. Novello, the first Hispanic to phd dissertation 411, hold that post. Dr. Gmat. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. On Computers. Public Health Service.
Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said. Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children. Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the AIDS virus, according to the editorial and a report by gmat question the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. The impact of the AIDS epidemic in certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the editorial said. Although representing only 8 percent of the total U.S. population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of all reported cases of AIDS in the United States. Phd Dissertation. They said attacking the essay, problem of intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important.
So is essay writing on computers, overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for a significant proportion of Hispanic AIDS victims. Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on the subject overall, and working harder to improve the health of Hispanic children. A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Essay Question. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of business phd thesis, prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of gmat, death and of low-birth-weights when compared to non-Hispanic whites and to blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles. By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER.
DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is phd dissertation, growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and essay lack of transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. The key issue is the for history essay ib, language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an illness. The study examined the issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of access to available benefits or services and transportation. For the study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of question, local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the friendship homework, rate of Latinos getting care is higher.
In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the clientele being served. In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department. The study was financed by the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for question, Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and essay writing on computers members of the medical community. To better connect Latinos with doctors and medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for Latinos on Sunday. More than 50 agencies and health-care providers will be there. It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about essay question, their health and friendship available services.
Health is a great concern for the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of Health and Human Services. Of the essay, calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from 3 to 6 p.m. in the gym and parking lot at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Chapel Hill St. It was organized by a long list of agencies and Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and the National Guard. A slew of services and information will be offered. Among them, screenings for cholesterol, hearing and of washington nursing vision will be provided. Along with booths with information on AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and gmat essay CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from a city grant provides services for Latinos.
Ivan Parra, director of El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about health care, said he hopes the fair will reach a large portion of the community. Most people don't know about the (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and prenatal services, Parra said. Most people don't know about services of the Red Cross in disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at La Fiesta, a cultural and educational event held annually at Chapel Hill. Thesis Paper. Another one is gmat essay, being planned for the Sept. 18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of information for criteria extended, people, McLaughlin said of the health fairs. Maybe on how to take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in gmat a strange land. Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of phd dissertation 411, Minority Health, was especially pleased to hear of the study, which she said was the first in-depth look at Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for improving Latino health.
I think the health-care systems in North Carolina have realized that this is a community that is growing and we need to start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. Gmat. A lot of phd thesis, them don't know what kind of services they can get. The Latino community is essay, becoming aware of the services and using them and also paying for them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to have insurance, study finds. By THE WASHINGTON POST. Minority workers, and especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in the same fields, according to a study from The Commonwealth Fund.
The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at phd dissertation 411 work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the analysis is question, that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for of washington nursing statement, minority workers, the report concludes. This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an employer that offers health insurance benefits. One likely barrier is the growing out-of-pocket cost of gmat essay question, employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on minority health coverage rates, the university of washington nursing personal, report said.
To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is essay question, experiencing a wave of Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of cresting and creates new challenges for public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research for a special report on criteria extended, health care for Hispanics. The report is based on a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into gmat essay question WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. On Sunday, see the Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to be Effective.
Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to criteria extended essay ib, Technology for People with Disabilities. Personal names and addresses were removed at the project's request. Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program. Contact person: Executive Director. Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to increase knowledge about and access to assistive technology and information technology for people with disabilities.
People with disabilities, families, and providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project. The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by gmat question adults with disabilities. Assistive Technology Partnerships, in collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and availability of assistive technology used for recreation in extended ib two rural communities. Gmat Essay Question. Project activities will include community mapping of local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the community problem. Recreation is an friendship homework important and desired aspect of life for people with and without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. Essay Question. The lack of knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of training by family phd thesis community recreation providers, and a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to desired recreation and community participation.
A recent Harris Survey of Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in some way from getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home. Gmat Essay. For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. Friendship. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and community organizations discussed the barriers faced in the two sites selected for essay question, this project. A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is not that we just have a lot of phd dissertation assistance 411, buildings that someone can't get into, it is gmat, that people are in the dark ages and don't even think of people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working]. Why should recreation participation be more difficult for people with disabilities? Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and phd dissertation 411 inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the assistive technology often required for many individuals with disabilities to participate in specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances.
By focusing efforts on increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to gmat essay, seek out on microcontroller specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in their neighborhoods with family and friends. This project seeks to equip consumers and recreation providers with access to assistive technology and gmat the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and Rocky Mount. The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents. U.S. Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability. The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and Nash counties and extends into Halifax and Wilson counties. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability. A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is assistance 411, one of the most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities.
Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for recreation opportunities, how to ask about accessibility or programs and when and how to assert their rights. Gmat Essay. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities. Phd Dissertation Assistance. Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to essay, the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in essay rural communities. First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and exposure to essay, inclusive recreation for university, people with disabilities. Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to address the needs of people with disabilities and question include them in community programs, it is friendship homework, often a lack of essay question, training and awareness of these needs that is the phd thesis, barrier. An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Similarly, a superintendent at a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about assistive fishing gear and noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. Training and essay question technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to support inclusive recreation opportunities. Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to phd dissertation assistance, people with disabilities.
Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the question, equipment, or how to paper on microcontroller, use the equipment appropriately. Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and assistive technology that can improve recreation participation. Essay. Funds provided by friendship homework this project will bring the gmat question, financial resources into these rural communities to purchase assistive technology for recreation that they would not otherwise be able to afford. This equipment will remain in the community and benefit the community for years to come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to eliminate barriers to recreation participation for ib, adults with disabilities living in Henderson and Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by gmat essay question increasing awareness and homework access to recreation through assistive technology and gmat training. Overall objectives for the project include the following: An increase in the awareness of existing community resources and essay on computers the benefits associated with participation in question traditional and nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates;
An increase in the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and have necessary adaptive equipment from which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of knowledge by thesis community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and inclusive service provision to consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by gmat question individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to essay writing, sustain project outcomes through the maintenance of assistive technology at community sites and question website. The target population for friendship homework, this project is adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to community recreation opportunities.
Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and material resources. The human and question material resources are gained primarily from the essay on computers, lead project organization, the project staff and collaborators. Together, they will implement the project. The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is a private non-profit organization, established in 1994. It operates with a 13-member board of gmat essay question, directors.
Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities in addition to representatives from state agencies, businesses, and the medical and university personal statement education community. Having provided services in gmat question 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach. ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of this project. ATP has received numerous grants and completed many successful projects. The executive director for ATP will serve as the project director for this project. Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of writing on computers, PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of contract employees; dissemination of information and reports; preparation of required reports; and coordination and oversight of gmat question, AT mini grants.
The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for family business phd thesis, the community mapping process including the training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing format for the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the gmat essay, project staff is the university personal statement, training coordinator. Gmat Essay. Responsibilities of the training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of for history, potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in gmat question the project. Much of the success and sustainability of the project depends on these collaborators. An initial list of collaborators and thesis their role in the project is as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and gmat question has agreed to be a pilot site for business phd thesis, training and placement of assistive technology. Vance County Senior Center will provide space for staff who will complete the community mapping phase of the project. Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and training and discounts on gmat essay, purchase of recreation equipment. Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and family Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of local fitness councils and gmat essay financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and provide a recreation therapist for training.
Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to recreation opportunities. The Center for for history, Recreation and Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support. Vance County Tourism will disseminate information. Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the business community and add links to essay, website. The project activities will take place in four phases with each building upon the other to achieve the project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping.
Community resource mapping is an organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in each community. Each resource will be surveyed to find out more specific information about how to improve access for people with disabilities to recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and assistive technology). The surveyors will be community citizens, three at each site, who will be hired and trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. After surveys are completed, the information is for history ib, entered into a database that will be used for the website and a resource directory. Phase 2: Training and technical assistance.
Based on the information gathered during the community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training. Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and access in essay recreation settings, disability awareness and best practices for inclusion. Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and phd dissertation experiential events to expose consumers and providers to gmat essay question, a variety of adaptive sports, activities and thesis paper assistive technology and essay question train providers for further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the ib, community mapping phase will be given an opportunity to apply for gmat essay, funding to purchase assistive technology. Funds will only be given to those providers who commit to maintaining and making the equipment available to people with disabilities beyond the two year grant period. Essay Writing. Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to gmat essay question, ensure proper use of the friendship, assistive technology. Phase 4: Information Dissemination.
Results from the community mapping, training, and mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on a website and a computer will be placed in each community in a central, accessible location. A project manual also will be developed to serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in each of the four phases of the project. Gmat Question. The numbers along the top of the table represent each month of the project period. The evaluation process will be initiated at essay the onset of the project and essay conducted throughout the university of washington personal statement, two-year period to measure: (1) the effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential.
Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and gmat question open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at all trainings, log of website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping. The combination of these methods will provide process and outcome evaluation data. Plan for financial sustainability. The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health, is the long-term plan for sustainability and replication of the thesis paper on microcontroller, project. The project fits within the essay question, long range goals of the Council and its plan to increase funding to support similar projects. Staff and fringe benefits are for the Project Director (calculated at assistance 411 .40 FTE).
Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and gmat presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and reports, preparation of required reports, coordination and oversight of AT mini grants and consumer and family stipends. Consultants and Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the friendship, community mapping coordinator and evaluator who will work 300 hours in year 1 and 200 hours in year 2 at essay question a rate of criteria extended ib, $30 per hour. Responsibilities will include coordination of the gmat, community mapping process, training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing the format for community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and project evaluation. The training coordinator will work 400 hours in phd dissertation year 1 and 2 at a rate of $15.50 per hour. Responsibilities will include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of gmat question, potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and thesis paper on microcontroller serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of question, 12 weeks at a rate of $8.00 per hour. Clerical support is based on 8 hours per week. The web developer's rate is $65.00 per hour for a total of 50 hours in year 1 and of washington nursing personal 20 hours in year 2. Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to provide a workshop on a given topic.
The cost will be $500 per training for a total of 20 trainings in essay year 1 and 2. Travel is homework, calculated at $ 0.325 per mile for community site visits for community mapping surveys and trainings, coordination and implementation of trainings, and collaboration. Project staff and contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for gmat, the purchase of writing on computers, high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on gmat essay question, community needs and requests through the mini-grant process. A computer also will be purchased and placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and Internet resources. Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and community surveyors. The project also will purchase an array of low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for homework, use in each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for dissemination and marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for consumers and essay question families to attend training sessions to cover costs of travel and respite care.
This amount also covers costs of refreshments at training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the phone line charges and phd dissertation phone cards used by community mapping surveyors. It also includes phone use for project staff. Gmat Question. Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to ensure access of trainings for family business, people with disabilities.